GOLDEN STONE FLY ADULT
The Golden Stone is arguably the most significant hatch in Alberta
rivers and streams. Certainly it is one of the more prolonged, lasting
2 months or more - from mid to late June until mid August and sometimes
into September, depending on the water and the season. Goldens also
populate many more streams than the other candidate - the giant stonefly,
often referred to as the Salmon Fly.
Without going into a great long scientific treatise on these insects,
following are the key facts:
Golden Stone Fly Nymph
- Generally 20-38 mm in length.
- Incomplete metamorphosis (only has egg, nymph, then adult cycles
with no pupal stage)
- Prefer, well oxygenated, moderate to fast waters.
- Live up to four years prior to emergence
- Carnivorous (feed on other nymphs, larval stages of other insects)
- Poor swimmers. An interesting note is that the golden stone will
arch its back and splay its legs when swimming, looking to grab the
nearest structure. This will show off its generally tan-grey abdomen
and, thick legs. This is different from the giant stone (salmonfly)
nymph that will curl into a ball upon perceived threat.
- Most vulnerable during emergence. Nymphs will crawl from the deeper,
faster water into calmer shallows awaiting evening to emerge from
- Trout will key on the "migration" (in many streams nymphs
will emerge in lower reaches first then move their way upstream in
emergence) and will flip rocks with their tails and snouts to dislodge
and feed on them. Trout will cruise the shallows of calm water or
hold in shallower seams at the edge of faster water awaiting nymphs
to arrive or be swept downstream.
- Emerge from the nymphal cases after crawling onto trees, shrubs,
rocks, or other structure close to the stream.
- Crawls to cover as the wings dry prior to flying into the tree canopy.
- Mating occurs during the afternoon 1-2 days after emerging
- Females deposit their eggs in the water during the mid day heat
when they are most active. Females flutter above the water then crash
down, slamming their abdomen to the water and then flutter back, repeatedly
until all the eggs are knocked free of their abdomen.
- Trout often chase the egg- laying females at the start of the hatch
but wise up as the hatch progresses and begin to focus on dead or
dying adults that will not fly away- an easier meal.
At the beginning of the hatch, trout are very excitable. Huge bugs bomb
the runs and trout will attack with a vengeance. They will often chase
a stonefly many feet and attack it with a vigorous splashy slash. Once
caught several times or having felt the sting of a hook or are well fed,
they begin to feed on easier meals. No longer will they look for the fluttering
females, but they will await the dead or dying adults.
6-8 weight rods; 2-3X tippets on 6-9 foot leader tippets with extra
weight as needed to get the fly to bottom bounce (remember, these are
crawling bugs). Indicator should twitch as it drifts, indicating you
are ticking bottom and be set about twice the depth of water you are
Suggested set up uses 4-6 weight rods with 3x tippet on 9 -10 foot
leaders. When casting across currents lengthen leader/tippets to 12
feet to allow for reach mends. Be prepared for some vicious takes on
these the T bone steaks of trout food.
Cast along troughs or depressions or any seams along banks, logs, rocks,
undercuts, rock walls, etc.
Anytime during stonefly season, even if no adults are flying or on
the water, fish may still be looking for adults.
Stonefly patterns are always a good "searching" pattern.
Skate them, skip them, twitch them, drift them dead drift. When stoneflies
are present and trout are feeding on them, any one of these methods
may elicit a response.
A couple of flies to consider
P.O. Box 2440,
Banff, Alberta T1L 1C2
Phone: (403) 760-1133
Copyright Alpine Anglers